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The 15 most important monuments of Rome

Centuries ago time seems to stand still Rome, the Eternal city. But it must be said that it is a very lively city which still has its 3000 years of history since its foundation by the brothers Romulus and Remus.

Being the ancient capital of Roman Empire, the city dominated the entire Mediterranean basin and a large part Europe. It was one of the world’s first major metropolises and its legacy and historical influence is enormous, reaching even today.

For centuries, the greatest emperors wanted to make history by building monuments to match their power… and their egos.

Thus came the Colosseum, the Pantheon of Agrippa, the Circus Maximus or the Arch of Constantine.

Later came religion, and with it the building of the greatest temples of Catholicism. Gods, emperors and popes contributed to the fact that today the city of Rome is the city with the oldest historical monuments in the world.

The most visited monuments in Rome

These are some of the the best and most visited monuments from the Italian capital. An unmissable itinerary on your trip through the Eternal City.

1. Roman Colosseum

the Coliseum It is the most famous monument of Rome and it is considered a symbol of the city. This imposing construction, with more than 2000 years of history, was built during the Flavian dynasty. It was built in the 1st century AD. C. under the mandate of Vespasian, although its construction lasted 8 years, already with the emperor Titus in power.

It was at that time the largest Roman amphitheater, measuring 188 meters long, 155 meters wide and 57 meters high. Its stands could accommodate more than 50,000 spectators, who were able to enjoy surprising shows: hunting of wild animals, executions, gladiatorial fights and naumaquias, among other games. Currently, It is one of the 7 wonders of the world and one of the most visited monuments.

Saint Peter Vatican Rome

2. Saint Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican

The BAslica of St. Peter from the Vatican It is the most important religious temple of Catholicism, which in turn hosts the Holy See. Inside, San Pedro is buried, the first pope. Its construction (1506-1626) was carried out by some of the most famous architects of the time, such as Bramante, Michelangelo and Carlo Maderno. Some of the most important works of art found inside are the Baldaquino from Bernini, the Pietà by Michelangelo, the statue of Saint Peter on his throne and the incredible Dome which crowns the Basilica.

Inside the Vatican we have another essential visit; Vatican Museums, the world’s largest art collection.

Name of monuments in Rome: Roman Forum

3. Roman Forum

the roman forum was the central area of ​​the ancient city and one of the Rome landmarks A must see. There were government institutions, the market, and religious temples. By crossing it you can visit several monuments, buildings and ruins of great interest, such as, for example, the Via Sacra, the Arch of Titus and the Temples of Vesta and Saturn, among others. Its location cannot be lost, as it is located next to the famous Roman colosseum.

Trevi Fountain

4. Trevi Fountain

The Trevi Fountain It is one of the most beautiful, the most monumental and the most visited fountains in the world. Its incomparable baroque style is due to the almost unknown artist Nicolas salvi.

It began its construction in the 18th century, but it took around 30 years to complete. One of the features that attracts the most attention is the imposing of the fountain with all these realistic figures and the small size of the square on which it stands. It has also become almost a ritual throw a coin in the fountain and make a wish. From returning to Rome to marriage with an Italian!

The Trevi Fountain is one of the places you can visit by doing one of the Free Tours in Roma.

campidoglio square Rome

5. Place du Capitole

The Place du Capitole It is a magnificent square located on the Colina Capitolina. It was commissioned by Pope Paul III from Michelangelo after the visit of King Charles I in 1536. Michelangelo built this square with a trapezoidal plan and oriented it towards Saint Peter’s Basilica. In the square you can also visit the magnificent New Palace, ride your precious Cordonata staircase and admire the equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius.

Pantheon of Agrippa The best monuments of Rome

6. Pantheon of Agrippa

the Pantheon of Agrippa, it’s him best-preserved monument in Rome and being located in the center of the city, it is also one of the most visited. Its construction took place in the year 126 a. C., when Hadrian reigned. Its main characteristic is that it is a circular building, since its circumference is equal to its height: 43.3 m. Its interior preserves the tombs of some of Italy’s most important kings and valuable works of art. The great painter is also buried here Rafael.

7. Piazza Navona

The Piazza Navona it is one of the most beautiful and important squares in Rome. All of her is one monument itself. Characteristic by its baroque style, this square is located in the heart of the city. The most famous monuments of the square are the Fountain of the Rivers and the Iglesia de Santa Agnese in Agone. It is also a very lively and alive, ideal for going out for dinner, as it is visited by many tourists, and where many street artists exhibit their works.

Monuments in Rome - Spanish Steps

8. Spanish Steps

The Plaza of Spain and its steps It is one of the best known and most interesting places in Rome. It is called so because the Spanish embassy since the 17th century. It is one of the most important areas of the city, because it is there that the Vias dei Condotti, Frattina y dei Babuino. One of its architectural features is its famous stairs, which has 135 steps. Although she herself, she cannot be considered a Monument of Rome, We include it because of its importance in the most visited places in Rome.

People's Square Rome

9. People’s Square

The Plaza of the people has always been considered the rome gate, since from there came the one known as Via Flamina, which linked the imperial capital to the rest of Europe. Three straight streets converge on the square, where a monument obelisk. One of the most important reasons to visit Plaza del Popolo is the IChurch of Santa Maria del Popolo. In it are kept two priceless works by Caravaggio this must be essential in your visit to this beautiful place.

monuments of roma Castel Sant'Angelo

10. Castel Sant’Angelo

the VSThe handle of Sant´Angelo It is an impressive fortress, also called Hadrian’s Mausoleum, since it was built under the government of the said emperor. Its construction began in 135 and ended 4 years later. In 403, the Muralla Aureliana. On the castle rests the impressive angel statue. To access the castle, you have to go through the fortified corridor 800 meters long. This corridor was built to connect with the Vatican and help the Pope flee when needed.

11. Basilica of San Clemente

The Baslica de San Clemente It takes its name from Pope Clement I. This building is one of the most important in the history of religion, since it belongs to the first era of Christianity. Underground meetings of early Christians were held here, but it wasn’t until AD 313. C., after ending the persecution of Christians, when it was considered a basilica. In it, you can visit an old church from the 4th century, decorated with rich mosaics.

MONUMENT OF ROME SANTA MARÍA THE MAYOR

12. Santa Maria la Mayor

The Baslica de Santa María la Mayor It was built in the 5th century and is the only one in Rome that still retains its early Christian plant. In addition, it was the first religious building dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Its interior is monumental and impressive. You can admire magnificent early Christian mosaics from the 5th century, 27 panels from the Roman period and the so-called Grotto of the Nativity, where the relics of the manger in which Jesus Christ was born are kept.

Monuments of Rome - Catacombs

13. The catacombs

the roman catacombs they are awesome underground galleries which served as a burial place. Citizens of ancient Rome, Jews and early Christians are buried there. Its construction began in the 2nd century AD. C. and they were completed in the 5th century.Some of the most important catacombs in the city are the of San Sebastián, San Calixto, Priscila, Domitila and Santa Inés.

14. Basilica of St. John in Lateran

The Baslica of San Juan Letrán It is the most important of the largest basilicas in the city and one of the most beautiful. It is also the Cathedral of rome. Its construction was carried out in the 4th century, under the orders of Constantine, and its name was put in honor of Saint John the Baptist and Saint John the Evangelist. Your portico, where the Pope officiates the liturgy of Holy Thursday; the statues of Christ and various saints; the bronze door; the Sacred staircase; and his interior, which is uniquely beautiful.

Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls Rome

15. Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls

The Baslice of Saint Paul Outside the Walls it is one of the most beautiful buildings in Rome. Its construction was carried out in the 4th century, during the reign of Constantine. Inside they are resting the remains of the great Apostle Saint Paul. In 1813, a big fire destroyed it completely and its restoration lasted more than a century. During your visit, do not miss the apostle’s tomb, the ciborium of Arnolfo de Cambio, the apse mosaic, the paschal candlestick, the Byzantine door and the Mosaic of the Arc de Triomphe.

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